Vienna International Centre
The Vienna International Centre (VIC), colloquially also known as UNO City in Vienna, is the campus and building complex hosting United Nations organizations in Vienna, Austria.
The VIC , designed by Austrian architect Johann Staber, was built between 1973 and 1979 just north of the river Danube. Initial idea of setting up international organization in Vienna came from prime minster Dr. Bruno Kreisky.
Six Y-shaped office towers surround a cylindrical conference building for a total floor area of 230,000 square metres. The highest tower stands 120 metres tall, enclosing 28 floors.About 5,000 people work at the VIC, which also offers catering and shopping facilities and a post office. Two banks (Bank Austria and United Nations Federal Credit Union offices), travel agents and other commercial services have offices on the premises.
The VIC is an extraterritorial area, exempt from the jurisdiction of local law.
Vienna is the only European Union city to host one of four UN headquarters, along with New York, Geneva and Nairobi. The VIC has long assumed landmark qualities. It also reflects the way Vienna perceives itself as a platform for international meetings in the heart of a united Europe, as much of the world’s history has been shaped here.
Numerous international organisations and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) are also located in Vienna, among them the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting
Countries (OPEC), and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE).
The VIC itself hosts several organizations:
- Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO)
- International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
- United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL)
- United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
- United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
- United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
- United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA)
- International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River (ICPDR)
Official Website of UNOC: www.unvienna.org